The production process is the foundation of any technological process. People are an important link in every production process. In the organized process of work, man is daily exposed to dangers and misdeeds. Dangers at work we consider anything that can endanger the life and health of employees. Safety at work is all that needs to be done to create a safe and healthy working environment. The conditions for safe work are achieved in the event that the working means, the man and the working environment meet the requirements in accordance with the rules of safety at work, and these thus constantly ensure the proper functioning of the machine. work process.
Production management is also a scientific discipline, which studies the phenomena in production systems, which affect the formation of relations between people and the means of work in the process of transforming the object of work into a finished product or a new value, which the buyer is willing to pay competitively. Workplace hazards are facts and conditions which, under certain conditions, can endanger the life and health of workers and can cause injuries on the job. Hazards can be mechanical, electrical, fire and explosion hazards, and thermal hazards (hot and / or cold substances and objects).
There are many different hazards in the human workspace. These hazards can cause injury or adversely affect the body and ability of workers to work. Undesirable consequences arise if the relationship between man and his environment is disrupted. The work environment consists of the space in which a person works and the means with which he works. A person spends at least a third of his life at work, so the relationship between the person and the working environment must be taken into account. The workspace and the working environment are standardized and taken into account when designing work facilities.
The key to an accident prevention solution lies in the human-working environment relationship. There is no safe work in an unsuitable environment. The most important thing is to know that we can influence both people and the working environment. There are several ways for each production to take better account of the safety of its workers.
1. Risk assessment
Risk assessment is a procedure that determines the level of danger, harmfulness and effort in terms of work accidents, occupational diseases, work-related illnesses and disruption of the work process that can lead to adverse consequences. for the safety and health of workers. The employer is obliged to have a risk assessment carried out in written or electronic form, which must at all times correspond to the existing risks at work and in relation to work and which is available to the worker at the workplace.
Even when you think you have taken all the necessary steps to protect your workers, an unforeseen situation arises in which the worker is injured. Tripping, slipping and falling on stairs are considered the most common cause of injury. For this reason, it is necessary to pay special attention to this segment, which can be achieved with anti-fatigue mats. In this way, slips are effectively avoided and workers can do their job unhindered without worrying about injury. You can go to this site to know more.
Harmful radiation to which an employee may be exposed while on the job can be ionizing radiation when the radiation source consists of certain radioactive elements and devices that produce radiation. Laser radiation, which represents a large amount of energy, can also be particularly harmful. It is directed over a small area. It can cause mild skin damage, redness to deep burns, and severe damage to the eyes (cornea, retina and lens). Chemical risks are also present, and for this reason, it is necessary that workers have adequate protective equipment.
3. Work accidents and occupational diseases
An accident at work is any unwanted or unforeseen event which could have occurred and caused injury to workers or material loss, but coincidentally, at this prejudicial point, the consequence did not come. One of the main causes of an accident is a malfunction of the means of work or improper handling. The key to accident prevention lies in human-working environment relationship. In inappropriate, there is no safe work in the environment. The most important thing is to know that you can affect both the person and the work environment to be influenced.
4. Internal control
This term is defined as internal monitoring of the application of occupational safety rules and encouraging and advising the employer and its authorized representatives to eliminate the shortcomings in occupational safety identified by internal control. Effective internal control in the area of occupational safety cannot solve all business problems. However, ineffective internal oversight or the lack of it can cause serious problems for the business.
5. Protective measures
Occupational safety measures include all technical, health, educational and educational, legal, psychological, social, promotional and similar measures which, in accordance with current regulations, professional rules, scientific and professional knowledge, allow to achieve the fundamental objectives of occupational safety.
Occupational safety measures are divided into past workplace safety measures, current workplace safety measures, and curative workplace safety measures.
Current safety measures at work are all measures that are applied during production, and in accordance with the nature of the technological process and in each of its phases until the finalization of production.
Every larger business, organization or industry strives to maximize profits, produce quality products or services, and economic enterprise. To achieve this, various methods are used as tools in all organizational units. As mentioned earlier, the most important feature of this period is automation. With the advent of new, more advanced machines, the period of execution of the process has been shortened and some work processes have merged into one continuous line and thus are reduced the need for human force or the door to investment opportunities. opens up the workforce in other areas of interest.
In case of accidents at work, it is necessary to determine the reasons for the occurrence, omissions and measures so that the same does not happen again. It is necessary to record all accidents at work and occupational diseases on the basis of these data, to make an analysis of accidents at work and on the basis of the results obtained from the analysis plan and to take measures and activities to improve safety at work. .